By Jean-Louis Cohen
Synopsis from Amazon:
Produced at a fee of ﬁve billion cubic yards consistent with yr, concrete is the second one most generally fed on substance in the world, after water. it's ubiquitous and simply taken without any consideration because the stuff of sidewalks and roads, energy vegetation and parking garages. Concrete is additionally, besides the fact that, a popular fabric of state-of-the-art architects and engineers, who worth not just its versatility and power yet its limitless capability for resourceful expression. A hybrid substance made of cement, water, sand, and mineral aggregates, concreteor liquid stonehas no intrinsic shape. within the arms of proficient designers, its final visual appeal is dictated through the framework into which it's poured and the colour, texture, or trend utilized to its floor.
In a chain of essays by means of best architects, engineers, and students, Liquid Stone explores the character of concrete, its earlier and destiny, from technical, creative, and ancient views. Over thirty constructions by means of best overseas architects together with Jean Nouvel, Herzog & de Meuron, Zaha Hadid, Steven Holl, Norman Foster, and Santiago Calatrava are offered via distinct descriptions, pictures, and technical drawings.
The booklet concludes with "The way forward for Concrete," a bankruptcy on newly rising fabrics. right here self-consolidated, ultra-high-performance, and translucent concrete are illustrated, introducing the subsequent new release in concrete know-how and suggesting new instructions for either structure and engineering.
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Extra info for Liquid Stone: New Architecture in Concrete
At the one hand, technological artifacts and feats of civil engineering particularly spoke the primitive language of desire and of traditional phenomena. Bridges, for example, seemed as direct outcomes of the immemorial have to go rivers in addition to expressions of the undying constraints of gravity. They crystallized concurrently complex medical and technological wisdom, just like the such a lot nine Figure 2 Jean Rodolphe Perronet, Neuilly Bridge, 1774, drawing, École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris determine three A. B. Lefebvre, venture for the advance of navigation at the Orne River among Caen and the ocean, 1779, drawing, École Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées. The territorial measurement is sort of glaring during this undertaking. 10 Antoine Picon recent result of structural mechanics, that appeared with no an identical within the architectural area. in a different way to place it really is to claim that engineering used to be capable of communicate either ahead of language and after language, on the prelinguistic point of actual desire and sensation and on the postlinguistic point of complex computation. Engineering discourse and perform thrived in this twin positioning. This unusual linkage among the primitive and the hyperadvanced, or among the phenomenological and the computational, continues to be attribute of engineering discourse this present day. a regular structural or civil engineering e-book will hence make connection with conventional in addition to complicated artifacts as though they have been truly one and a similar. Horst Berger’s gentle buildings, buildings of sunshine opens with the evocation of old Arab tents after which offers huge membrane roofs similar to that of the Haj Pilgrim Terminal in Jeddah as their typical inheritors. 6 [Figures five, 6] The ambition to merge the primitive and the ultracivilized informs the declare that civil and structural engineering constitutes an artwork absolutely unique from structure, what David Billington has referred to as the “art of structural engineering” in books similar to The Tower and the Bridge. 7 In late-nineteenth-century France, Gustave Eiffel (1832–1923) was once one of the significant proponents of this declare. The tower that bears his identify could be interpreted as a manifesto on simply the sort of trust. eight There, back, the problem to structure was once direct and with no ambiguity. The linkage among the primitive and the complex used to be notion to elude structure, to deprive it of either precise typical roots and an instantaneous relation to state of the art development. one other interesting attribute of engineering realizations lay of their means to regulate to the location in a dynamic method, usually by means of revealing its hidden strength or through reshaping it. This skill were theorized within the past due eighteenth century during the emergence of the “technological sublime,” a transposition to engineering works of the classy classification of the elegant. Engineering used to be chic insofar because it either fought determine four Eugène Freyssinet, Albert Louppe Bridge, and published nature. 19th- and twentieth-century engineering used to be to preserve this Plougastel, 1930, arch shape relocating for reuse at the means to react dynamically, and infrequently in a dramatic approach, to the geography of the location.